The Second World War in Northern Ireland

The Second World War in Northern Ireland

Greater Belfast Part 5

Belfast City Cemetery

The hundreds of Belfast citizens who remained unidentified were buried together in Mass Graves at Milltown and Belfast City Cemetries.

The stone shown here is on a Mass Grave in Belfast City Cemetry which is on the Falls Road.
There is another mass grave in the nearby Milltown Cemetry.
The City Cemetry has a considerable number of graves of  victims of the Second World War including six members of the Douglas Family whose headstone can be found at T1-211 in the Glenalina Extension and has the wording
“Emily, beloved wife of William Douglas Royal Artillery also my five children Sammy, Billie, Jim, Peggy and Sally. Died as a result of Enemy Action 16th April 1941”
Emily was 29 years old with Billie being 9 years, Peggy 5 years and Sally 1 year old. There are only 3 children buried here suggesting that no remains of the other 2- Sammy and Jim were positively identified or even found.
All these people died at 8 Ballynure Street during a German Air Raid.

There are a considerable number of Commonwealth War Graves Commission (C.W.G.C.) Headstones of those who gave their lives in war.

It is important to remember that they are not all buried together in one large plot but scattered throughout the Cemetery.

Also buried here in Plot G-600 is:-
Samuel Herbert Hall-Thompson who died on 26th October 1954.
During the Second World War he was a Lt-Colonel in the Royal Army Ordnance Corps and from 1939 until 1942 he held the position of Chief Ordnance Officer for Northern Ireland.
and
Norwegian Sailors of the Merchant Marine.
Halvard Halgjem, 45 years, died 6th December 1942
John Jansen, 29 years, died 13th December 1941
Karl Rygve Karlsen, 52 years, died 20th December 1941
Dutch Merchant Marine Sailor Dirk Kranenburg who was 17 years old when he died on 10th July 1940 had been buried in the City Cemetry but was re-interred in 1964.

The American Personnel who were buried here were subsequently buried at Lisnabreeny and later all were exhumed and either moved to the large American Military Cemetery in Cambridgeshire, England or returned to the United States. (Picture above from After The Battle)

United States Consul General's Residence

The photograph below shows an Oak Tree which was planted at the Residence of the United States Consul General in Belfast.

It was planted to remember all the United States Forces who were stationed in Northern Ireland during the Second World War and gave their lives for Freedom.

The picture shows Ann and Roger Edmondson whose father was Staff Sergeant James C Edmondson serving with A Company, 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry Regiment, 8th Infantry Division, United States Army.

Mr Edmondson tells me that of 124 Men in his Fathers Draft only his Father and two others returned home.

(Thanks to Ann and Roger Edmondson)


Cave Hill Aviation Marker

A huge rock on Cave Hill that was used to guide aircraft back home during World War Two has been painted white by an unknown person to remind walkers of the role it once played.

An inscription was also added next to the stone, which was previously covered in graffiti, reading: "The white stone has been restored in honour of the family who painted it during WW2."

Cormac Hamill, chair of the Cave Hill Conservation Campaign, said he only recently discovered that the rock was used as a marker and that a man who lived in Cave Hill Cottage was paid a small sum to keep it painted white.

"It was only recently that I discovered there was a chap who had a subvention during the war to paint the stone. It actually was a marker stone for aircraft to come in as they couldn't put the runway lights on."

"My understanding is that somebody who knew the family went up and painted it white. It's a nod to the guy who slogged his way up there regularly. It was a contribution to the war effort and it seems an appropriate time to remember it."

The huge rock is visible from the city below, but getting to it is much trickier.

"If people go to the west of McArt's Fort and drop down, they can have fun looking for it," Cormac said. "It's hidden by the slope until you are on top of it."

In 2008, Alan Caulfield told the BBC how his father Jack lived in Cave Hill Cottage, close to a well where walkers would stop for refreshment in the 1940s."I remember my father, Jack, telling me that my grandfather was paid a small sum - I think £5 - to keep a large rock at the top of Cavehill (on the forehead) painted white because it was used as a beacon during the war for pilots landing at Nutts Corner airfield during blackouts when the lights of Belfast could not be seen." (From Belfast Telegraph)

Belgian Soldiers at Cave Hill and Floral Hall

This selection of photographs were taken by  Ludovicus Verhoeven who was serving with 6th Infantry Brigade of the Belgian Army and was stationed in Northern Ireland.

Shown here are views from Cave Hill overlooking Belfast and in the picture above right you can see Belfast Castle.

******From the Private Collection of  Staf Verhoeven. Please Do Not Copy****** (Thanks very much to Staf Verhoeven for providing me with these)

Above are two more views looking towards Belfast with the picture below showing the Floral Hall at Belfast Zoo.

******From the Private Collection of  Staf Verhoeven. Please Do Not Copy****** (Thanks very much to Staf Verhoeven for providing me with these)

Belfast Zoo and Floral Hall

During the War it was decided that all the dangerous animals from the Zoo would be shot as it was feared they could escape if the zoo was bombed.

The Head Keeper accompanied by Marksmen from the Royal Ulster Constabulary and Home Guard shot around 35 animals including Lions, a tiger, a Puma, a Lynx, Racoons, Panthers, Leopards etc etc however not all were to die.

Sheila the Elephant was adored by her Keeper Denise Austin and each evening Denise brought Sheila home with her and then back to the Zoo the following morning!

From December 1940 the Floral Hall at Belfast Zoo was used to repair Barrage Balloons however it still operated as a very popular Dance Hall.

B-17 Flying Fortress Crash Site Memorial, Belfast Zoo

When you reach the top of the Hill you will find this Monument to the 10 U.S. Airmen who died when their B-17 Flying Fortress, 42-97862 crashed in bad weather at Cave Hill close to where the Monument now stands.

They had flown from Gander, Newfoundland on their way to Nutts Corner Airfield and were to join the 306th Bombardment Group of the U.S.A.A.F.


In 1991 Mr Alfred Montgomery was walking on Cave Hill when he found a gold ring which had some lettering inside and after some considerable research it was found that the ring had belonged to Staff Sergeant Lawrence Dundon, the Radio Operator on this Aircraft.

Mr Montgomery was able to trace Staff Sergeant Dundon's Widow and return the ring to her.

This story was made into the film "Closing The Ring" by Sir Richard Attenborough.

This is a United States Army Air Force Restricted Document giving information in relation to the crash of this B-17 Flying Fortress in Belfast. (From Fold 3)

Donegal Road, Belfast

There are a few information displays on Donegal Road at the Railway Bridge beside Roden Street.

The first one relates to The Belfast Blitz. It shows a Luftwaffe Bomber and some of the destruction around Belfast after the Air Raids.

This second display relates to James Joseph Magennis who won the Victoria Cross for his actions during WW2. - There is much more about Magennis V.C. on this website.

"Toc H Club", Great Victoria Street, Belfast.

Shown below are two photographs from the "Toc H" Club which was in Great Victoria Street, Belfast.

"Toc H" was the abbreviation given to Talbot House in the Belgian town of Poperinge where, in 1915 during the First World War, Army Chaplain Reverend Philip "Tubby" Clayton started a Faith based fraternal organisation.

As you can see here the wording "All Rank Abandon Ye Who Enter Here" is the same in Belfast as it was in Belgium.

On the right is Talbot House, otherwise known as "Toc-H" in Poperinge, Belgium. In the centre is "Tubby" Clayton's Chaplain's Room and on the left is a statue of Tubby.


Galwally House

At the beginning of the war a precautionary measure by the Government was to have 100 Royal Ulster Constabulary officers moved to Galwally House in the event that Belfast was bombed so that these Officers could be put into bombed areas to prevent looting.

Lt. Colonel William John English V.C. 

Lt. Colonel William John English was born in Cork in the Republic of Ireland and after living in England he attended Campbell College for a year before joining the British Army where he worked his way through the ranks before becoming Commissioned in 1901.

He won the Victoria Cross during the Boer War before serving in both the First and Second World Wars.

On 4th July 1941 he was serving with the Royal Ulster Rifles when he died on board a ship near Egypt and is buried in Maala Cemetery, Yemen.



Air Raid Shelter off Kings Road

This Air raid Shelter can be seen in the Front Garden of a house at Kings Park, Belfast.

The Shelter may have been overgrown and has since been cleared.


There are steps leading down into the Shelter and the brickwork and concrete roof of the structure are visible.


It is rather unusual to find an Air Raid Shelter at the front of a House however perhaps this was the only ground which was available / suitable.

Jewish Synagogue, Annesley Street.

Here we see Service Men and Women at the old Jewish Synagogue in Annesley Street, Belfast along with a comparison of how the same building looks now. 

The picture on the left shows U.S. Army Chaplain, Herman Dicker conducting a religious service in Belfast on 20th May 1944.

(If you would like more information then please visit the following website :-https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/belfast)

Here we see Service Men and Women at the old Jewish Synagogue in Annesley Street, Belfast along with a comparison of how the same building looks now. 

The picture on the left shows U.S. Army Chaplain, Herman Dicker conducting a religious service in Belfast on 20th May 1944.

If you would like more information then please visit the following website :-https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/belfast

Carnmoney Jewish Cemetery

There are four headstones in the Carnmoney Jewish Cemetery relating to the Second World War. 

Shown here is the headstone of Wireless Operator / Air Gunner Flight Sergeant Bernard Edwin Samuels who was killed on 31st January 1943 when Wellington HX430, in which he was a Crew Member, crashed on landing at Limavady Airfield.

***Please see also Sergeant Berger Headstone in County Londonderry Part 2 Section Cristchurch, Limavady***

Pilot Naftali Hirsz Pawel Kuflik  was a Polish Air Force Pilot serving with 304 Squadron.

His Wellington XIV of Coastal Command was returning from a patrol of the Bay of Biscay looking for U-Boats when the crew found themselves caught in a Snowstorm resulting in the Aircraft crashing in neutral Eire (Republic of Ireland).

The other two Servicemen are ....

Private Norman Apfelbaum, Pioneer Corps

Who was on the ship SS Mohamed Ali El-Keber travelling from Avonmouth to Gibraltar when it was torpedoed by U-38 in the Atlantic Ocean west of Ireland on 7th August 1940.

Pilot Officer Leslie Mark Sharp, 96 Squadron, Royal Air Force was killed on 28th December 1940 when his Hurricane P3899 crashed into the sea.

Also remembered is Sergeant Pilot Albert Goldstone who was Lost in Action Hamburg 1942.

***Those wishing to attend this Cemetery should telephone "Robert Hart Memorials" at 0800 833206 to arrange access as the Cemetery is kept locked.

The keys are held at these premises on O'Neill Road and the Man I was speaking with was very helpful.***

H.M.S. Furious in Belfast During Blitz

H.M.S. Furious was docked at Victoria Wharf in Belfast on the night of 8th / 9th May 1941 when the city was subjected to a major Luftwaffe raid.

Crewmen on Furious opened fire on the Bombers and the ship sustained some damage during the raid as shown below and there was one fatality - Chief Yeoman of Signals, Edwin Stone who is buried in Bootle Cemetery in Lancashire.

H.M.S. Pursuer in Belfast Lough

This impressive artwork is by Stephen Bone and shows H.M.S. Pursuer in Belfast Lough.

Views show the Sickbay and on the hangar Deck as well as the outside of the ship.

(Pictures are from Imperial war Museum and the National Maritime Museum.)

Abbeydene House

Abbeydene House was the home of Sir Crawford McCullough who was the Mayor of Belfast and had bestowed the Freedom of the City of Belfast on General Dwight D Eisenhower on 24th August 1945. 

Following the ceremony McCullough provided Lunch for Eisenhower at this House. (Picture from Belfast Telegraph)

The plaque shown here can be seen at the front of Abbeydene House which is now a B&B and can be contacted at www.abbeydene.co.uk

Hazelbank Park Observation Turret

The turret in Hazelbank Part was used as an Observation Post during the Second World War.

Knockbracken Air Raid Decoy Site

Located at Knockbracken Road to the southeast of the City.

When it was realised that an Air raid was to take place the personel who attended this location set a number of fires in the area with the intention of confusing the bomber crews into thinking that this was the bombing target rather than the true position of the City of Belfast which would have been in blackout.

This was a particularly dangerous activity as the intention was for the Germans to bomb this site and so the 2 Air raid shelters are particularly well protected with thick walls and large coverings of earth.

The two shelters are shown above while the extent of the protection around one of the shelters can be seen on the left.

Donegal Pass Air Raid Shelter

This is at the junction of Donegal Pass and Packenham Street. It is in the back yard of the old R.U.C. Station and directly beside the gateway.

Sadly very few of these are left.

Baseball at Windsor Park

Here we see some U.S. Military personel playing baseball in a packed Windsor Park.

Only the chimneys of the houses are now visible from the new Stadium.

American Football and Baseball at Ravenhill

Here The Duke of Abercorn is meeting the U.S. Army 34th Infantry Division's "Midwest Giants" Players before a Game at Ravenhill on 4th July 1942. The Duke is then shown throwing the First Ball. (For more information see the link below)

An American Football game was played at Ravenhill on 14th November 1942 with proceeds going to both the Royal Victoria Hospital and S.S.A.F.A. 

The Programme included a description of the game as well as the names of the Players, Plan of the Pitch and Score Sheet.

The Baseball Match had been played a few months earlier on 25th July 1942 with proceeds from the game going to the Belfast Hospital for Sick Children and the Ulster Hospital for Children and Women.

(For more information visit see:- http://www.chippewavalleyww2.org/Stories/AmericanFootball and for Baseball visit http://www.baseballinwartime.com/eto.htm)



Sinclair Seamans Church

War Memorial Window to the Royal Air Force, Royal Navy and Army.


Major Arthur Patrick Spencer Chichester, Son of Colonel Arthur Claud Spencer Chichester, 4th Baron Templemore, K.C.V.O., D.S.O., O.B.E., and of Lady Templemore (nee Wingfield), of Alresford, Hampshire.

He was serving with 2nd Battalion The Coldstream Guards when he was killed in action and is buried at Medjez-El-Bab War Cemetery in Tunisia.


The flag of the Ulster Branch of the now disbanded Dunkirk Veterans Association can be seen in Sinclair Seamans Church in Central Belfast along with the flag of the Belfast Branch of the Royal Naval Association.