The Second World War in Northern Ireland

The Second World War in Northern Ireland

County Antrim Part. 3

Glenwherry Range

This is the old Glenwherry Range east of Ballymena. (Thanks to Ed Luke for the picture on the top left)

The pictures above show into the Butts where those who were marking targets would have been, The Target Shed which has a number of the old target frames still inside and looking along the butts towards the shed with the banking which was behind the targets.

This is a view from the furthers of the 2 Firing Lines and the picture on the right shows that painted on the side of the shed is "John Boyd. Range Warden 1941"

Ballygarvey Field Force Replacement Depot

At Ballygarvey Road between Ballymena and Broughshane is the remains of the United States Army "Field Force Replacement Depot 6, Casual Detachment 26 Antrim" to give it it's full name.

Headquarters of this Detachment was here from 19th November 1943 until 12th March 1944. There was also 307 Quartermaster Sterilization Battalion.

The top two pictures show a building inside which was a Vehicle Inspection Pit.

Here we have one of 2 water tank towers which stand beside one another and on the right a row of Narrow Gauge Railway lines which have been driven into the ground like a fence.

Difficult to make out but here a soldier has left his mark on a tree. It says "1944" then something which I cannot make out followed by "Age 23".

Cullybackey Munitions Factory

The Frazer & Haughton Factory, like many others, became involved in 'The War Effort' and in this case it was with the production of brass shells for various types of bullet.

Frazer & Haughton Factory Girls relaxing below.

Brass arrived at the local Railway Station in the shape of large bars which were then taken by lorry to the Factory.

Here they were cut into size and drilled out with an area created for the percussion cap to be inserted.

The Munitions were not completed here but the brass shells were sent to Belfast to be finished. (Northern Ireland historical Photographical society pictures)

Craigs Church, Cullybackey

This is the headstone of Gunner John McIlroy Foster who was serving with 261 Battery, 94 Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery.

He died on 10th January 1944.

Royal Navy Vitalities Depot, Cullybackey

This impressive building was a Royal Navy Vitalities Depot. Supplies were brought to and from the Store by railway.

The red bricked building shown below is an Air Raid Shelter and it is interesting to note that the door is set well back into the building as well as the small holes for ventilation which have angles to prevent anything being blown inside.

This has certainly been an impressive building. (Thanks very much to Janice Stewart for her help re this item)

Food Storage Depot at Cullybackey

The main Food Storage Depot was established at Cullybackey with smaller Sub-Depots at both Belfast and Carrickfergus.

Royal Air Force Choir in Cullybackey!

The Royal Air Force Male Voice Choir at Cuningham Memorial Lecture Hall, Cullybacky on 3rd January 1945. (Visit for more)

U.S. Army Camp Broughshane

These are concrete bases of a United States Army Camp which was constructed north of Broughshane. 

Records show that between 15th March 1944 and 22nd April 1944 218th Replacement Company (67th Replacement Battalion) U.A. Army were based in Broughshane.

Colin Top Range, Cargan.

 These pictures show the Firing Range which was known by Troops as "Colin Top".

It lies East of the village of Cargan along the Dungonnell Road. 

Used by both British and American Troops as well as the Ulster Home Guard.

The 654th Tank Destroyer Battalion of the U.S. Army used the range in April 1944.

Rams Island

Rams Island is in Lough Neagh and lies off the eastern shore a short distance from Langford Lodge.

It had an interesting involvement during the Second World War because I believe there was a range on the northern end of the Island however I hope this was not in use when soldiers of the Belgian Army were based here! American personel who were based at Langford Lodge also used the island as a place for Rest & Recuperation and both nations have shown their approval by carving their details into trees on the island.

There were navigation buoys to both the north and south of the island to help guide aircraft into the nearby Sandy Bay Flying Boat Station and 4 Flying Boat moorings were on the sheltered eastern side of the island.

The tree in my first picture seems to have been rather popular with those who wished to leave their mark and I hope you can see "G.V. Hill 1944" at the top with "USN" slightly below (To the right of which is 1942).

"H. Hopkins" is in the centre of this picture whilst the Belgian Army are represented in the next one with "Belgium" being clearly visible with "1945" beside it.

There is another Belgian marking saying "7 Belgie" on a nearby tree while the biggest surprise was the one I have photographed below which says "Tom Williams Manchester R. Signals"

The final two photographs illustrate that both American and Belgian Personnel visited Rams Island (Thanks very much to Michael Savage for these pictures.)

Found in Lough Neagh

The spent cases shown here have all been dredged up from the bed of Lough Neagh.

The larger ones are .50 Calibre with the smaller ones being .303.

The markings on the .50 Calibre show they were manufactured in 1942 by the Remmington Arms Company and 1943 by the St Louis Ordnance Plant.

I was unable to make out the lettering on the .303 cases.

All of these would have been expended in target practice.

Peter Lock - Grumman Wildcat Crash at Portmore Lough

Ardmore Bombing and Firing Range

The aerial photograph above shows the Shooting and Bombing range at Ardmore Point.

To the right of the picture can still beseen the Dispersal Areas from Langford Lodge (Bing)

In the aerial photograph above you can see a line of targets. Below is a Plan of the Range. (Thanks to Ernie Cromie)


This is the site of Ardaveigh Camp in Antrim.

This was where 3992 Quartermaster Truck Company, which was a unit of coloured soldiers, of the United States Army was based.

On looking around it is obvious that there have been a number of other buildings which have been removed.

The picture on the left above shows 2 buildings and if you go into the single door on the reverse side of the furthest away building then you will see the 2 showers as shown here. I believe these were Officers Sleeping Quarters and Mess facilities.

British Regiment who were based here included the Berkshire Yeomanry, South Wales Borderers and Highland Light Infantry.

War Dead on Rathlin Island

The Graveyard of St Thomas's Church is the final resting place for three men who lost their lives during WW2.

SAMUEL PATRICK McCURDY was a Royal Navy Seaman, Service Number LT/JX 181806 who was serving with the Royal Naval Patrol Service and was based at H.M.S. Europa in Lowestoft. He died at Hopefield Hospital on 12th April 1943.

ROY ALAN ASHMORE was a Sergeant Observer with the Royal Air Force, Service Number 657674.

On 29th November 1942 the body of an Airman wearing R.A.F. blue battledress was found to have washed ashore on the Northwest coast Rathlin Island.

It appeared to have been in the water for a few months and was taken initially to the Church Bay Lifeboat Station.

The local Royal Ulster Constabulary Sergeant, Sergeant Smith, had arranged to have a coffin prepared and on 1st December Flight Lieutenant Roden and an R.U.C. Constable arrived on Rathlin to examine the body for wounds or anything which would assist with identification of the deceased.

Due to difficult weather conditions and strong sea currents the decision was made for the body to be buried on the island.

The uniform had Sergeant's chevrons and an Observers Brevet and a metal Black Cat mascot was underneath a lapel. 

Interestingly one boot was marked "657674" whilst the shirt had Laundry marks "MS 7674" and a laundry ticket was marked 'Lossiemouth' An Arrival Chit was inside a metal cigarette case which was taken from the left trouser pocket and this was marked "No 19 OTU" - Nothing else was found.

Sergeant Ashmore had been a Crew Member aboard Armstrong Whitworth Whitley V aircraft AD707 on a Training Exercise with 19 Operational Training Unit when the aircraft was lost with all aboard on the night of 7th / 8th July 1942.

GIUSEPPE CAPELLA was an Italian Civilian who had been a Waiter in the Savoy Hotel in London before being Interned for the duration of the war.

He had been one of 1200 German and Italian Prisoners along with 200 Soldier Guards who were on board the Liner Arandora Star which departed on 2nd July 1940 to sail to Canada where the Prisoners were to be interned.

The Arandora Star was torpedoed by a U-Boat off Malin Head and although many were rescued around 800 lives were lost of which 446 were Italians.

The body of Giuseppe Capella was found near the West Light on 10th August 1940 and he was buried on 12th August 1940.

My sincere thanks goes to Nicky Sebastian who has provided me with these photographs of the Headstones of these three men.

Even after the war had ended it's dangers could be found at Rathlin.

This News letter article dates from 11th december 1946 and refers to a mine having been swept onto Church Bay by stormy conditions. (Thanks to News letter)

The U.S. Army in Ballycastle

U.S. Army troops were billeted at a few locations around the Ballycastle area.

Some were in Houses at Quay Road as well as the Playing Fields, at 45 North Road and 3 Rathlin Road.

Soldiers were also in the grounds of Derganagh House and at Corrymeela.

When socialising the Yanks could be found dancing in the Dalriada Hall and Barney Wilson’s Dance Hall.

Casual Detachment 24" of the United States Army had their Field Force Replacement Depot 6 in Ballycastle. and were accompanied by Company I of 3 Battalion, 118 Infantry Regiment.

Shown here are "The Boys From Company L, The Four Musketeers" as it says on the back. They are Steve 'Ede' Wilcosky (Stephen John Wilcosky from Fayette, PA)Harold 'Junior' Seaholm (Harold Philip Seaholm from Westmoreland, PA) William 'Bill' Weaver (William H Weaver from Washington, PA.) and Israel 'Izzy' Maklin (Whose first name may have been David)

(My sincere thanks to Nevin, Peter Molloy and John Holbrook for their considerable help with this item)

The Belgian Army in Ballycastle

The Belgian Army retained Bren Carriers and Heavy Weapons at Ballycastle.

Group Captain Peter Reginald Casement from Ballycastle.

Peter Reginald Casement was from Ballycastle, County Antrim and fought throughout the Second World War. He died at home aged 95 on 12th December 2016.

His WW2 RAF medals and associated log books, various documents, uniforms and photographs were auctioned and the subject of a recent television programme.

The medals, a Distinguished Service Order, Distinguished Flying Cross and Bar and Air Force Cross included in a group of eight were awarded to Peter Reginald Casement who flew with both Bomber Command and Coastal Command.

The medal group includes a ‘Mentioned in Dispatches’ oak-leaf and campaign clasps for France and Germany, Malaya and Palestine 1946-48 along with the set of miniatures and three original medal boxes.

Group Captain Peter Casement was one of the few pilots to have seen service throughout WW2 and took part in many strategically important missions during the war.

During the Battle of the Atlantic the bomber he piloted was the first to bring back photographic evidence of the sinking of a U-boat. (Shown above)

The British National Press celebrated by printing the four photographs together with minute-by-minute accounts from the Air Ministry News Service.

During his active service, not only did Peter update his log books as required but he also wrote detailed accounts of many of his sorties. Auctioneer, Duncan Chilcott explained:

“While his log books document the RAF’s nightly missions, Peter’s notebooks shed light on the airmen’s night-time battles with the cold, poor visibility, navigation problems, sickness, enemy search lights and flak.

“The combination of medals is rare in itself, but it’s the fact that they were awarded to a pilot with such an extraordinary WW2 service and are being offered with an extensive archive of materials to accompany them that gives this such historical significance.”

The medals and associated memorabilia, which includes his flying jacket, gloves and boots, several sets of uniform, photographs and RAF training manuals were sold as one lot by Peter’s family.
Bottom right in the picture of the complete collection appears to be a Londonderry Plaque.
(Information from TheExeterDaily, Photographs from…/lot-db6a629b-58f6-4bb5-be9f-…)

British Army Exercise at Ballycastle

Bren Gun Carriers of 2nd Buckinghamshire Battalion, Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry in Ballycastle area on 31st August 1941.

(Imperial War Museum Photographs)

Armed Scouting Units are shown above.

Naval Mine at Ballycastle

Richard Stewart from Capecastle, Ballycastle.

Richard Stewart married Matilda Mitchell in 1934 in Armoy and had 5 children.

Lance Corporal Richard Stewart was 28 years old and serving with C company, 2nd Battalion, Royal Ulster Rifles when he was Killed in Action on 30th November 1944.

His body was buried by Dutch Civilians and he was initially believed Missing In Action until the advancing British Military were told by local residents where he had been laid to rest.
Lance Corporal Stewart is not buried in Venray War Cemetery, Limburg to the Southeast of Nijmegen. (Thanks very much to Deborah Johnston)

22 Mobile Dental Unit, The Army Dental Corps at Ballycastle

22 Mobile Dental Unit Caravan is parked in the driveway of a house in Ballycastle with a Dental Orderly taking information redarding any Dental problems before treatment takes place in the caravan. (IWM Pictures)

Ballycastle War Memorial

Shown here is the War Memorial in Ballycastle to the rear of which are three seats as shown below.

As well as The Royal British Legion 'The Great War' seat there is one showing H.M.S. Belfast and another 'In Honour of Irish Men and Women who Fought and Worked For the Allies 1939 - 1945'

Ulster Home Guard, Ballymoney

These men are from the Ulster Home Guard, Ballymoney.

The picture on the right shows Home Guard Member John Brewster in a photograph dated 1942.

(Many Thanks to Old Photos of Ballymoney)

Evacuees Arrive in Ballymoney

Ulster Home Guard from Dervock at London Victory Parade

James Thompson M.M. is on the extreme left of the back row of this photograph which was taken in Hyde Park, London.
The Victory Parade took place through London on 8th June 1946. (Thanks very much to Peter Thompson for these pictures)

Ballymoney Servicemen

Ballymoney Museum has a display relating to two Servicemen from the area.

"The Prisoner of War" newspaper was sent to families of men who had become Prisoners of War and this particular issue is from the family of Bill Balmer who had been captured on 26th May 1940 at Calais.

The Medals belong to Flight Sergeant Francis Anthony McCluskey who was serving with 405 Squadron, Royal Canadian Air Force and is shown here.

They are the 1939 - 1945 Star, The Air Crew Europe Star and The Victory Medal.

Flight Sergeant McCluskey was aboard a Halifax Mk II Bomber which took off from R.A.F. Topcliffe in Yorkshire at 18.54 on 6th October 1942 for a mission to Osnabruck, Germany.

At approximately midnight the aircraft was attacked by a Luftwaffe Night Fighter in the area of Utrecht in The Netherlands.

The crew were forced to bail out of the stricken Halifax however tragically Flight Sergeant McCluskey's parachute failed to open.

All of the other Crew Members became Prisoners of War while the body of Flight Sergeant McCluskey was found by a man who was cycling with his 15 years old daughter Jannie Van Beek-Pol.

On hearing an approaching German Patrol Jannie picked up the airman's cap from the ground before they fled.

She resolved to keep the cap safe, hoping one day to return it to the airman's family.

Francis McCluskey was buried with full military honours by the German Forces who were occupying the area and the cap can now be seen with this display in Ballymoney Museum.

James Boyd Davidson from Ballymoney buried in Forli, Italy.

Rifleman James Boyd Davidson, Service Number: 1524064, was serving with 1st Battalion The London Irish Rifles, Royal Ulster Rifles.
He was Killed in Action on 17th November 1944 when he was 34 years old.
James was Son of John Davidson and of Ellen Davidson (nee Boyd), of Ballymoney Co. Antrim and Husband of Agnes Elizabeth Davidson (nee Burns), of Ballymoney.
He was buried in Forli War Cemetery, III, D, 15.
(Thanks very much to Lyle Davidson)

Wing Commander Thomas Pinkerton from Ballymoney

Ballymoney Town Hall, Warship Week

These three photographs show Able Bodied Seaman Miller speaking at Ballymoney Town Hall during Warship Week, May 1942. Taken by Bonar Holmes 

(Thanks very Much to Bonar Holmes)

Elizabeth Chestnut from Ballymoney

(Thanks very much to Robert Chestnut)

Robert Chestnut, Ballymoney Home Guard

(Thanks very much to Robert Chestnutt)

Ann Stewart from Ballymoney

(Thanks very much to Robert Chestnut)

Crawford Brothers Remembered in Ballymoney

The Headstone shown above is at St. Patricks Church, Ballymoney.

SERGEANT HARRY JAMES CRAWFORD, Service Number: 973264, 161 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve was 22 years old when he died on 21st October 1943.

He is buries at Valenciennes (St Roch) Communal Cemetery, Plot 4. Row A. Grave 4.

The Son of Harry and Jean M. Crawford, of Ballymoney, Co. Antrim and Husband of Mary Crawford, of Cenore, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Bill is shows as having served with the Irish Guards and being interred Anzio in January 1944

Ballymoney Cemetery

FLYING OFFICER NORMAN JAMES PURCE, Service Number: 170137, Serving with 274 Squardon, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve. He was 23 years old when he died on 

9th July 1944  when flying Spitfire IX MH826.

Son of George R. B. Purce and Elizabeth R. Purce, of Belfast he is Buried at MAIDSTONE CEMETERY, KENT, Plot C.C.1. Grave 63.

PRIVATE SHEILA MILLAR, Service Number: W/280345, Auxiliary Territorial Service, Died 17 January 1946, Age 19 years old
Daughter of W. J. Millar and Annie E. Millar, of Ballybogey.

This Headstone refers to Alwyn, Navigator R.A.F.V.R. who was 'Missing from Air Operations July 18 / 19 1944'
He had taken off from R.A.F. Spilsby on an Operation to Revigny in Southeast France aboard Avro Lancaster Mk. I, ME681, EM-T.
The Lancaster was shot down by a Night-Fighter whilst on the outward leg and crashed at Margny, France.

His body was subsequently recovered:- FLIGHT SERGEANT ALWYN EVELYN STUART HOLT, Service Number: 1795306, 207 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.

Alwyn was 21 years old, Son of the Revd. Felix Holt and Margaret Isabel Holt, of Charles Street Manse, Ballymoney, Co. Antrim.

He is buried in the Military Plot of MARGNY COMMUNAL CEMETERY in Collective Grave 1

FLIGHT LIEUTENANT ROBERT STEVENSON CROMIE, Service Number: 90485, 615 Squadron, Royal Air Force (Auxiliary Air Force) Died 18 August 1940. Age 32 years old
Son of Samuel James Cromie and Sarah Morton Cromie, of Ballymoney and Husband of Mabel Cromie, of Coulsdon, Surrey. M.D., M.M.S.A.

The final resting place of 5 Merchant Seamen who have not been identified.

Newspaper article above from Northern Whig newspaper dated 13th August 1940. The article below is from Belfast News Letter newspaper dated 13th August 1940.

(Thanks very much to Robert Chestnutt)


148 Indipendent Brigade Group of the Royal Regiment of Wales were based at Loughanmore Camp, Dunadry from 24th February 1941 and then in March of the following year 43rd Light Infantry were also based here.

On visiting the site all that I can find which remains is this building which has been modified for use by farm animals.

8th Sherwood Forresters on the Six Mile Water on 28th August 1941. (Imperial War Museum Photogarph)

Motorcyclist from 8th Sherwood Forresters using a Kapok Bridge over the Six Mile Water River at Dunadry on 28th August 1941. (IWM Pictures)

Training at Muckamore

This selection of photographs show 8th Battalion Sherwood Forresters training at Muckamore. (IWM Pictures)

The final picture below shows Officers of the Regiment. This was photographed on 1st August 1941. (IWM Pictures)

Lisburn Air Raid Shelter

This is quite a large Air Raid shelter which can be seen at Cromwells Highway in Lisburn. On looking at it there appears to be 2 entrances on the same side which are protected by two walls and these are on the reverse side from the row of houses whose occupants I believe would have been the likely users of the structure.

While this shelter is on the County Down side of the River Lagan there is also a renoveted Air raid Shelter which has been put to good use at Castle Street Gardens on the County Antrim side.

Corby Bridge Gibraltarian Evacuee Camp

Camp Number 12 for the Gibraltarian Evacuees was at Corby Bridge. 

The house shown in the picture above has been constructed on part of the site and it is very pleasing to know that the owners keep in contact with one of the Gibraltarians who was evacuated to this camp during the War.

Moorfield Gibraltarian Evacuee Camp

Moorfield Camp is located on Speerstown Road, Ballymena and the picture shown here on the left is the old Pumphouse which is beside a stream. The next picture shows a building which I was told by a local resident, who remembers the evacuees when they were here, used to have a large water tank on the roof. This is a regular feature in these camps.

The last picture shows that this Camp is actually split into two by the old railway line and the occupant of the Station House remembers trains passing through late at night with large consignments of ammunition and various other war materials.

He also said that the camp had initially been constructed for Military use before being switched to house the Gibraltarians. The field where the Water tank building is situated remains stepped where a large number of buildings once stood.

Aerial photograph of Moorfield Camp. The building top left on my photographs can be seen top left of the Aerial photograph (PRONI)

Castlegore Gibraltarian Evacuee Camp

Here we have the sign showing the site of Castlegore Camp which is located on Craigstown Road near Kells.

The middle picture shows one of the old Camp buildings which is currently under renovation while the last picture is of a Meat Cold Store which appears to be a regular feature of all of these Camps.

Tawnybrack Gibraltarian Evacuee Camp

Sadly there is nothing ramaining of what had been Tawnybrack Camp other that this small plaque at the side of the road where it once stood.

This was Camp 5 and was located on Kilgad Road in the Kells Area.

Below is an aerial photograph which shows the extent of the Camp.

(PRONI Picture)

Stranocum Aircraft Crash

On 24th November 1944 during a Navigation Exercise to Rathlin Island Wellington Bomber VIII JA308 of the Empire Air Navigation School at Shawbury, England developed engine trouble losing power in icing conditions. Both the Altimeter and Airspeed Indicator had become inoperative.

The Pilot attempted a forced landing by moonlight however the aircraft lost altitude over an Orchard at Stranocum House, sheared off several tree tops and crashed at the corner of the walled orchard.

All 5 Crew survived thanks to staff from the House pulling them from the wreckage.

A letter of thanks was later received by the occupants of the House.

Here is a Notice displayed at Stranocum House as well as the repaired wall where the aircraft crashed.

U.S. Navy Headquarters "Ben Neagh" Crumlin

This building was used as a Canteen by personel from the United States Navy PB2Y2 Coronado Flying Boat Service which operated from Sandy Bay on Lough Neagh.

During the war it stood in the grounds of the nearby large House known as "Ben Neagh" and is now private property.

With the PB2Y-2 Coronado being one of the less known Flying Boats I have included this photograph for identification purposes.

Library of Congress Photograph.

(This photograph is from which is the Library of Congress and is available to EVERYONE.)

Crash Site of Halifax Bomber at Poplar Road, Crumlin

On 23rd October 1944 Handley Page Halifax bomber JB963 belonging to Number 1674 Heavy Conversion Unit was being flown by a crew from Number 12 Course under the instruction of Flight Lieutenant D Evans.

Following Take-off Flight Sergeant Keith Proverbs was on the ground at Aldergrove and noted that the aircraft, which was fully laden with Depth Charges as well as fuel, appeared to have difficulty in gaining height before the Pilot turned and attempted to return to Aldergrove.

Unfortunately the Halifax suddenly dived into the ground and exploded killing the crew of Flight Sergeant J.H. Saunders, Flying Officer M.L.M. Gillis and Sergeant R.L.Dixon along with their Instructor.

The scene of the Crash was in the fields beside Dundesert bridge and both Flight Lieutenant D Evans and Flying Officer M.L.M. Gillis are buried in St Catherines Parish Church of Ireland Church, Killead.

This Memorial is on Dundesert Bridge at Poplar Road, Crumlin.

Dunmore House, Aldergrove

Dunmore House is at 8 Crooked Stone Road and was the Official Accommodation for the Officer Commanding R.A.F. Aldergrove during the Second World War.

Cherryvalley Camp, Crumlin

This is the large House at Cherryvalley, Crumlin and in this picture you can see a concrete lane.

Cherryvalley was used as a Camp by the Belgian Army 6th Infantry Brigade "Deinze" 1st Battalion. 

The Bases shown in my photographs are immediately beside Cherryvalley Road. 

This aerial photograph shows concrete paths and numerous concrete bases for Nissen Huts behind Cherryvalley House. (Google)

Captured First World War Trophy German Gun

This is a German 21cm Mortar which was displayed as a trophy after the First World War.

This photograph was printed in the Larne Times on 1st December 1923. I wonder what happened to this gun? Was it cut up and smelted down for use during the Second World War? If you know please contact me. (Many thanks to Great War Ulster Newspaper Archive.)

Hog Park Point Shooting Range

Hog Park Point is on the Southeast Shore of Lough Neagh near Glenavy. 

When the American Expeditionary Force arrived in Northern Ireland they included 133rd Infantry Regiment, 1st Battalion of the 151st Field Artillery Regiment who were Camped initially in the Bellarena Area before moving to the Draperstown Area in February 1942.

As well as training in the Sperrin Mountains the Anti-Tank Battalion would practice firing at Hog Park Point. These could be Day Trips and the Unit concerned would use C Rations.

Lady's Bay

This is a Demonstration of the Waterproofing of Vehicles.The right Honorable sir Basil Brooke and Lieutenant General Sir Alan G. Cunningham are shown at the demonstration on 28th February 1944 (Imperial War Museum Photographs)

Lieutenant Colonel W.C. Forde is shown inspecting the vehicle and Lady Brooke is seen below.

Soldiers putting on waterproof clothing before the testing (IWM Pictures)

Lorries are driven down a Gangway into the water (IWM Pictures)

In the photograph above you can see the spectators on the shore (IWM)

The lorries are driven through deep water.

Modified British Tracked Vehicle shown above (IWM)

American Trucks and Jeeps are also tested (IWM Pictures)

Kinnegoe Embankment

Inland water Transport, Royal Engineers at Kinnegoe Embankment (Imperial War Museum Photographs)

Soldiers are seen manning a Hochkiss Machine Gun on a launch.

Shown above is a Royal Engineers School of Watermanship. An Instructor is seen showing Sail Making.

This Unit was Number 1 Inland water Transport Company, Royal Engineers School of Watermanship based at Kinnegoe. These photographs were taken on 16th April 1942.

Inland Water Transport Patrol of Royal Engineers laying a Smoke Screen on 20th October 1941. (IWM Pictures)

Bombing Target Range

There was a Bombing Target Range on Skandy Tower Island in Lough Neagh which was used by the Fleet Air Arm of the Royal Navy.


This memorial can be seen in Ballycarry where James Stuart Steele was born. During the First World War he was a temporary second lieutenant in the Royal Irish Rifles from September 1914 and served on the Western Front from 1915 to 1917 during the battles of Messines, Somme and at Passchendaele. He was given a regular commission in June 1916, was mentioned in despatches in April 1917 and was awarded the Military Cross in August 1917.

He was promoted to Colonel in 1939 and in November of that year took over command of 132nd Infantry (Surrey and Kent) Brigade.He again served in France and Belgium in 1940 and was awarded the Distinguished Service Order for his part in the engagement on the River Escaute.

In 1944 when he was in charge of the plans for Operation Overlord on D-Day. (Thanks very much to David Hay for the portrait picture)


Sergeant Nathaniel Hugh Crawford was a Navigator in the Royal Air Force.

On 31st May 1944 he was with Number 1654 Heavy Conversion Unit based at R.A.F. Wigsley in Nottinghamshire.
He was a Crew Member in Short Stirling LK 715 which was taking part in a training flight when at 17.15 the aircraft caught fire, broke up and crashed at Co-Operative Farm, West Thickley, Sheldon, County Durham resulting with the deaths of all on board.

Nathaniel's Brother Martin is also named on the Family Headstone and i have been able to gather the following information regarding him.

Private Martin Crawford, who was 34 years old, was serving with Calgary Highlanders, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps and was Killed in Action in Normandy on 22nd July 1944.

He has no known grave but is named on the Bayeux Memorial in Normandy.


Shown above is the War Memorial in Glynn which relates to men from Glynne, Magheramorne and Raloo areas.

These paintings can be seen in Main Road, Glynn

Belgian Army in Antrim Castle

The 2nd Infantry Battalion of 2nd Infantry Brigade "Yser" of the Belgian Army were based at Antrim Castle along with a RASC Supply Company (They also were at the YMCA Building in Ballymena in May 1945)

Newspaper Cuttings regarding County Antrim

Fighting between British and American Soldiers in Randalstown

2nd Infantry Brigade Yzer, II Battallion, 3rd Company, Belgian Army in Antrim

Gilbert Joseph Deglin was from Landen, Belgium.

He had fought with the 15th Artillery Regiment during the May Campaign in 1940 then joined the Resistance group "Belgian National Movement" in 1941.
Following the liberation of Belgium Gilbert joined the 2nd Brigade Yzer.

He is the Corporal in the centre of the photograph above with the Machinegun.

Gilbert was 2nd Infantry Brigade Yzer, II Battallion, 3rd Company based in Antrim before moving to REME Workshop in March 1945.
(Thanks very much to Gilberts Grandson, Alexander Bonnet, from Landen for this photograph)

Gilbert Joseph Deglin is on the right with the Corporal stripes.

Shown below are his Soldiers Pay Book and war Department Driving Permit  (Thanks very much to Gilberts Grandson, Alexander Bonnet, from Landen for thesephotographs)

4th Company, 2nd Fusiliers Battalion Belgian Brigade Piron in Antrim

Thanks very much to Rudy Lthvvrs for these photographs of the Belgian Army in Antrim. 

In the photograph above his Dad,  Petrus Antonius Lathouwers, who was born in 1924, is on the right.***DO NOT COPY***

No Army can march on an Empty Stomach! (***DO NOT COPY***)

Lamb on the menu perhaps?

Physical Training / Sports Event (DO NOT COPY)

Thanks very much to Rudy Lthvvrs for these photographs of Belgian Soldiers in Antrim ***DO NOT COPY***

Each Brigade had its own Field Ambulance as well as the Military Hospital at Waringfield, Moira. (***DO NOT COPY***)

These photographs were taken during Training in Antrim ***DO NOT COPY***

Thanks very much to Rudy Lthvvrs for these photographs of Belgian Soldiers in Antrim ***DO NOT COPY***

As well as the Nissen Huts there was Tented Accommodation too.

The pictures above and below show some buildings which were at the camp.

Thanks very much to Rudy Lthvvrs for these photographs of Belgian Soldiers in Antrim ***DO NOT COPY***

The two pictures above show men at a Bridge with the picture below showing a Train in the background. (***DO NOT COPY***)

Pastoral Care was provided by the Chaplain who travelled with 2nd Infantry Brigade.

Belgian Brigade Welfare Service organise a dance in Antrim

Shown above is a Ticket to the dance with the photograph below showing the Hotel as it looked - It has since been demolished (Thanks very much to Rudy Lthvvrs)

Shown here is the "Belgian Forces in Northern Ireland 1940 - 1945 Medal". 

Petrus Antonius Lathouwers (Toine) was born on 4th December 1924.
He had served with the Belgian Army in Brigade Piron during the Second World War.
For a time being based in County Antrim.
Petrus was later Head of Police in the Leopoldsburg area of Northern Belgium.
He was a Knight of the Crowne order and was awarded a number of medals.
Petrus Antonius Lathouwers (Toine) passed away on 28th December 2021.
The phorographs shown here of him during his service with the Belgian Army were taken in County Antrim.
(Thanks very much to his Daughter, Ria Lathouwers)

Prepared Demolition Site, Antrim Castle

As part of Northern Ireland's defensive measures in the event of Invasion by the Germans a number of Pillboxes were constructed along what were known as "Defence Lines"

It was most important to prevent invading forces being able to use the transport network so throughout Northern Ireland there were a number of Prepared Demolition Sites where bridges would be blown-up to prevent them being used by Enemy Forces.

Holes were cut into the underside of bridges and would have contained Explosives which were wired and ready for detonation when the time came - Fortunately this was not necessary and when the explosives were removed the small chambers were left to be seen as above at a bridge at Antrim Castle. (Many thanks to Adam Kearney)

Belgian Soldiers in Antrim

Belgian soldiers had their Postal Office and Military Police as well as Base Communications at what they referred to as the Showground, Antrim Station in Railway Street, Antrim.

Royal Inspection in Antrim

Major General, The Duke of Gloucester is shown here inspecting men of 145 Field Regiment (Berkshire Yeomanry) at Antrim. (Imperial War Museum Photograph)

Antrim Cemetery

Flight Engineer James Bell was serving with 97 Squadron Royal Air Force Bomber Command when he was Killed in Action on 27th August 1944.

On 12 August 1940 the Luftwaffe commenced attacking Royal Air Force Fighter Command airfields and radar stations during the Battle of Britain.

At 11.51 a raid of 150+ aircraft was plotted 30 miles north of Cherbourg. These aircraft then split into a number of smaller groups before crossing the English coastline with some going to Portsmouth and nearby Gosport in Hampshire.

(Gerald McElrea shown above and third from Right photographed in Portsmouth in 1939)

These attacks by the Luftwaffe incorporated Air Raids involving large numbers of Aircraft and were planned so that as one group had dropped all their bombs then the next group would replace them in an ongoing stream.

All of this was taking place on the day before what was to be “Eagle Day”, Tuesday 13th August, as directed by Adolf Hitler as the day when the invasion of Britain would begin.

Leading Aircraftsman Gerald McElrea from Antrim was serving in Gosport with 930 Balloon Squadron and was at the Barrage Balloon Site at St Vincent Sports Ground, Forton Road when the site received a direct hit by a large Bomb.

The timing of this raid is remembered by Aircraftsman Second Class A.W. Kemp who on Remembrance Day 1988 recalled the attack saying:-

“The day was fine one with plenty of sun and we were out most of the time, drilling and getting used to our webbing equipment. The powers that be had decided that we were to be trained as much as possible for a line of defence should the German army invade. It was tiring but well worthwhile as we got used to our rifles and equipment very quickly.

Just before midday, we had two corporals who were instructors to help us with our training. They had been with us only a short while when the red alert was sounded, as the sirens blared out. This usually happened well before a raid, but this  time it was almost immediately that the guns opened up and we could hear the noise of the planes diving. Our NCO quickly ordered us all to retire to our air raid shelter.

After a short while Frank Offord and I decided to go outside and find out what all the noise was about. We went around the back of the shelter into a slit trench, which was about 4 foot deep. The noise was deafening; we saw a parachute come down and then another - it was very exciting to watch at the time because it all seemed so far away. Frank and I spotted the Hun planes coming from the back of the site and one was dive bombing.

The next thing I remember was a terrific explosion and we both lost consciousness. We must have been out for quite a while because as I came to Frank was shouting "I'm drowning!" I could see he was up to his waist in soil, his face was covered in blood, his nose was bleeding and he was in great pain. All this of course had also happened to me, and I felt terrible.

We managed to struggle out of the trench and Frank said we'd better get to the sick bay as soon as we could. As we stood up ready to go, we looked at the shelter in front of us and all we could see was a great big hole. I said to Frank "We'd better get help quickly as the others may be buried and badly injured". As we passed the balloon winch we saw it was on fire, and the house opposite had been hit.

When we entered the Naval sick bay they had their hands full as there were casualties everywhere, and all they could do for us was to bathe out wounds and tell us that our centre at Titchfield was coming to collect us. We told them about the air raid shelter and they sent someone to investigate. Meanwhile the air raid sirens started again and we were sent to the air raid shelter were we saw civilians from the row of houses on the edge of the site. The mums did their best to comfort us, because they realised there was no hope for the rest of our crew. We were in so much pain; all we wanted was treatment to ease it. Eventually our R.A.F. ambulance turned up and took us to Titchfield where we were given drugs and treatment.”

Leading Aircraftsman Gerald McElrea was killed along with Nine of his Comrades and a similar number of Civilians. (More information available from

(Thanks very much to Len Kinley from for his assistance regarding photographs for this article)

Squadron Leader Colin James Fraser Macrae, Service Number 35235, was 44 years old and serving with the Royal Air Force when he died on 16th January 1945.

Colin was the Husband of S. E. MacRae.

Private Thomas Harold Dowley, Service Number T/5725408, was serving with Royal Army Service Corps, 1 Corps Ammunition Park, when he died on 12th March 1941.

Sapper James Harold Hall, Service Number 2070795, was serving with 218 Army Troops Company, Royal Engineers when he died on 5th January 1941.

James was the Son of Robert David and Ada Hall, of Peckham, London and 21 years old.

Sapper Alfred Richard SpoonerService Number 2070906, was also with 218 Army Troops Company, Royal Engineers when he died on 4th January 1941.

IF you have any information regarding the circumstances of the deaths of these men please email me at

GUNNER II SAMUEL JAMES NICHOLL, Service Number: 3225012, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve, Died 18 April 1947 Age 21 years old.
Buried iFAYID WAR CEMETERY, Egypt  Plot 6. B. 4.

Son of Samuel and Emma Nicholl, of Antrim, Northern Ireland


PILOT OFFICER ROBERT JOSEPH WALLACE, Service Number: 49696, Serving with 213 Squadron Royal Air Force.
He was 23 years old and flying Hawker Hurricane IIC,  BP197 on 27th July 1942 when he was shot down by Bf109s over LG172. He died on 3rd August 1942

Son of Robert and Mary Wallace, of Belfast.

LIEUTENANT WILLIAM JAMESON, Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve serving aboard S.S. Lady Hawkins (Halifax).

At 07.43 hours on 19th January 1942 the unescorted Lady Hawkins (Master Huntly Osborne Giffin) was hit by two stern torpedoes from U-Boat U-66 and sank after 30 minutes about 150 miles east of Cape Hatteras. 
The master, 86 crew members, one gunner and 163 passengers were lost. The chief officer, 20 crew members and 50 passengers were picked up after five days and landed at San Juan, Puerto Rico on 28 January.

William Jameson was 49 years old and is remembered on the Chatham Naval Memorial. He was Son of Samuel David and Grace Douglas Jameson and Husband of Margery O. G. Jameson, of Belfast.

LIEUTENANT WILLIAM TAYLOR BOLTON, Service Number: 255824, served with 1st Battalion Royal Irish Fusiliers when he Died 13 August 1943.

Age 20 years old and Son of Samuel and Sadie Bolton, of Belfast he is buried at Catania War Cemetery, Sicily.

SQUADRON LEADER GEORGE ALEXANDER SYMINGTON, Service Number: 44436 Royal Air Force serving in HQ 282 Wing.
Died 29 November 1944 having been seriously injured on a tram track having been presumably struck by a tram. Admitted to Hospital at 08:30 hours he died of multiple injures half an hour later Age 44 years old. Son of Robert and Jane Symington; husband of Elizabeth Symington, of Antrim.

STOKER 1ST CLASS HUGH MAWHINNEY, Service Number: C/KX 171958, Royal Navy serving aboard H.M.L.S.T. 3020
Died 25th December 1945, Age 31 years old
Son of Robert and Rachel Mawhinney, of Antrim. 

FLIGHT SERGEANT ERIC THOMAS HAROLD McCLEAN, Service Number: 1058008, Serving with 14 Squadron, Royal Air Force Volunteer Reserve.

Died on 21st February 1943 when he was 24 years old.  He had been aboard Marauder Mk.1, FK139. Commemorated at the Alamein Memorial Column 269.

Son of Richard McClean, and of Elizabeth McClean, of Dunmurry, Co. Antrim.

Ulster Home Guard, Antrim

(From NIWM)

Ulster Home Guard, Antrim in 1943.

Shanes Castle, Antrim

There was a large Ordnance Depot at Shanes Castle.

Ammunition was stored in approximately 10 bunkers which were concealed within the trees shown below.

(PRONI Picture)

The name of the Location has changed a number of times during the war.

Initially known as Ordnance Ammunition Depot Number 2 from 3rd March 1942 until 16th December 1942 it became General Depot G-10-9 U.S. Army Air Force Ammunition Store with a capacity of 24,000 Tons.

53 (Ordnance ) Company of the United States Army was based here.(Google)

North Irish Horse Camp, Antrim from 1918 Military Archives Ireland

Shooting Ranges are shown on the Plan above. (PRONI)

Soldiers who had previously been Farmers are seen here working a Tractor and Harvester at White Lodge, Shanes Castle, Antrim cutting a 10 Acre Field of Oats (Imperial War Museum Photograph)

Above left bring in a load of brushwood to be used as a Foundation for Stooks. Stooking Oats top right and below left with a soldier carrying sheaves of Oats below right. All of this is taking place at Shanes Castle (IWM Photographs)

A Dutch Barn holding the Hay Crop. (IWM Picture)

Fruit Trees in the upper walled garden at Shanes Castle. IWM Pictures

A field of 20 Acres being rolled by a tractor at Shanes Castle on 5th May 1942 (Imperial War Museum Pictures)

American Soldiers working as Farmers above left. Above right and below a Soldier is using a Fiddle to sow Corn at Shanes Castle (IWM Photographs)

Large German First World War Guns in Antrim

The Guns which are shown here were presented by The War Office to Antrim in 1924 in recognition of the service and Sacrifice of the local men during the First World War.

Above is an Anti-Aircraft Gun with the larger of the two which is shown below being a 18 Inch Howitzer.

The guns were handed over by Colonel Packenham on behalf of the King and one was positioned in Market Square with the larger Howitzer in Fountain Street.

Having been positioned as War Trophies however they both found another use during the Second World War when they both were cut up and smelted down to be used in the War Effort! (Thanks very much to Martin Briscoe for the top photograph with Information and Nigel Henderson, Great War Ulster Newspapers Archive)

Aberdelghy House, Lisburn

During the Second World War the house and surrounding land was used by both the United States Army and British Army.

I believe that the U.S. troops were from 4049 and 4059 Quartermaster Truck Companies.

The British soldiers included 66 Anti-Tank Regiment Royal Artillery who were here from January until June in 1944 when they left to be involved in the invasion of Europe.

This is an Air Raid Shelter which remains in the grounds of what was Aberdelghy House.

It had one entrance, which is shown below, as well as an escape hatch in the roof.

Greenmount Agricultural College

All courses were suspended throughout the Second World War however work still continued on site with much of the land being used for tillage as per the compulsory legislation of the time.

Shown above are members of the Royal Berkshire Regiment with a 4.5 inch Howitzer and Quad at Greenmount in the winter of 1940 / 41. (From a private collection) Military Personnel were billeted at Greenmount from May 1942 with British soldiers being housed in Nissen Huts in front of the Manor House. Exercising took place in front of the Manor House and 4 NAAFI Huts were located in the Yard Field.

The Military population of Greenmount changed in 1944 when the Allied Soldiers left for the invasion of Normandy and for a while were replaced by Belgian Army Transmission Troops and later replaced by German Prisoners of War!

The photograph shows a Bonfire having been prepared to celebrate Victory in Europe Day in May 1945. (Thanks to Greenmount for the photograph)

Shown below is a Maritime Artillery Unit in Training at Greenmount. (IWM Pictures)

Men of Number 16 Maritime Anti-Aircraft Detachment, Royal Artillery, 4 / 2 Maintenance Anti-Aircraft Battery, Royal Artillery Getting to know the Hotchkiss Gun

Portable Aiming Teacher and the use of sights. (IWM Pictures)

Aircraft Recignition (IWM Pictures)

Portrush Then and Now

Members of Company L, 168th Infantry, United States Army marching back to quarters following a lecture in Portrush Town Centre.

The Town Hall is the red bricked building and on the grass at the side of the building is the sign I have photographed below. This makes reference to Portrush hosting various Royal navy ships including HMS Drake, HMS Hood and HMS Rodney.

This Memorial to 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment of 82nd Airborne Division, U.S. Army is immediately beside the War Memorial.

Thanks very much to Sally Russell for the photograph above which was taken by her Father when he was billeted at Lansdowne with the American 82nd Airborne Division, U.S. Army. (Thanks Sally)

A Mortar Team from Company L 168th Infantry, United States Army posing for a picture at Portrush Seafront. (B&W Pictures from "After The Battle" Magazine)

The final picture above is in the same location (You can see the white building from my colour photograph in the background).

(From United States Army in WW2 Photographic Record)

J. Wilfred Matthews, Carrickfergus 1942.

This Negative was in an Album which was obtained by a man many years ago.
I have reversed the negative with Photoshop for a better image of the man who appears to be wearing a Royal Ulster Rifles badge.
Written in the Album from which this comes is "J. Wilfred Matthews, Carrickfergus 1942"

He has been identified by Valerie Kerr as John Wilfred Matthews Prospect St, Carrickfergus, born 12 Jul 1920 to John Matthews and Nellie Creighton (married 20 Sep 1911). 

(Thanks very much to Valerie Kerr and Peter Oliver)

Carrickfergus Sea Mine

This is a Second World War Sea Mine which is now positioned at the front of Carrickfergus Castle and is used to collect money for a worthy cause.

The article above gives some information regarding the Sea Mines, such as the one shown here. It comes from "The War Illustrated" Magazine.

Barn Mills, Carrickfergus

This impressive old building on Taylors Avenue, Carrickfergus was Barn Mills where Parachutes were manufactured during WW2.

The picture on the left shows Parachute meterial being examined through light whilst in the picture on the right the "Post Felling Seams" Process it taking place.

(Photograph from Topical Press)

Small exploding "Rupert" Paratroopers were produced at Barn Mills. (Thanks very much to Lead The Way Tours)

Magazine article in "The War Illustrated" regarding Linen Production in Northern Ireland and it's use in the War Effort. (The War Illustrated)